US Army, Field Manual, FIRST AID , FM 4-25.11, 2002, Survival Medical Manual
This manual meets the first aid training
needs of individual service
members. Because medical personnel will not always be readily available,
the nonmedical service members
must rely heavily on their own skills and
knowledge of life
-sustaining methods to survive on the integrated battlefield.
This publication outlines both self-aid and aid to other service members
(buddy aid). More importantly, it emphasizes prompt and effective action in
sustaining life and preventing or minimizing further suffering and disability.
First aid is the emergency care given to the sick, injured, or wounded before
being treated by medical personnel. The term first aid can be defined as
“urgent and immediate lifesaving and other measures, which can be
performed for casualties by nonmedical personnel when medical personnel
are not immediately available.” Nonmedical service members have received
basic first aid training and should remain skilled in the correct procedures for
giving first aid. This manual is directed to all service members
procedures discussed apply to all types of casualties and the measures
described are for use by both male and female service members.